Odette victims ranked 2nd among natural disasters in the world in 2021 – German reinsurer

Odette victims ranked 2nd among natural disasters in the world in 2021 - German reinsurer

FILE PHOTO: Residents of Ubay in Bohol province dig through piles of debris to find anything they can use to rebuild their homes destroyed by Typhoon Odette (international name: Rai), which hit the areas of Visayas and Mindanao in December 2021. INVESTIGATOR / LEO UDTOHAN

Manila, Philippines – Typhoon Odette, which devastated six regions of the Philippines in December, claimed the second highest death toll among global natural disasters in 2021.

In a January 10 report, global reinsurer Munich Re classified the powerful August 14, 2021 earthquake in Haiti as the deadliest natural disaster of last year with 2,248 deaths. It was followed by the assault on Odette (international name: Rai), which left 408 dead.

Massive flooding in central China’s Henan Province in July 2021, which killed 302 people, was also among the top five in terms of fatalities; 272 were killed in Australia, Indonesia and Timor-Leste as a result of Tropical Cyclone Seroja in April 2021; and the winter storm, as well as the wave of cold frost that swept through the United States and Mexico in February 2021, killed 235 people.

In a statement, Munich Re described the aftermath of the super typhoon in the Philippines as a “humanitarian catastrophe”.

“Many weather disasters correspond to the expected consequences of climate change, making better loss preparedness and climate protection an urgent matter,” Munich Re said.

“Scientists predict that the proportion of severe storms and storms with extreme precipitation will increase due to climate change. Although events cannot be automatically attributed to climate change, analysis of changes over decades provides plausible indications of a link with warming atmosphere and oceans. Adapting to the growing risks from climate change will be a challenge, ”said Ernst Rauch, climate scientist and chief geoscientist at Munich Re as well as head of its climate solutions unit.

Around 9,200 people died from natural disasters around the world in 2021, up from around 8,200 the year before.

In terms of the economic cost inflicted by natural disasters, Hurricane Ida’s assault on the United States and Canada from August to September 2021 ranked No. 1 with $ 65 billion in losses overall. It also recorded the largest insured losses among natural disasters that hit the world last year, at $ 36 billion.

Globally, natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods, storms and wildfires have destroyed a total of $ 280 billion in assets, of which only $ 120 billion or less than half had been insured, Munich Re said. Last year’s losses fell from $ 210 billion in 2020 to $ 166 billion in 2019, according to estimates from the German reinsurer.

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